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Plum Wild, Good and Ready!

We’re deep into our Nebraska summer and that means one thing regarding wild edibles — tasty, ripe plums!

wildplums

Have you checked your rural wild plum thickets yet? You should. The deep hues of purples, red and yellows are now apparent on the wild plum trees growing on my buddy’s farm in eastern Nebraska long the Elkhorn River. Look closely.

plumthicketswithripeplums

You’ll know when the wild plums are ready for harvest because their flesh will be firm, but somewhat soft when pinched and they’ll almost drop from the thicket with the barest touch or slightest twist.

pickingplums

Plums begin taking on a dusty appearance as they ripen.

ripeplums

So, how do the plums growing wild differ from those you see in the grocery store? Wild plums are much smaller than their tame counterparts, and generally not as sweet. I love them just as they start to ripen. The taste of wild grown plum fruit ranges from tart to sweet but not bitter. They’ll make you pucker initially because the skin of that plum is particularly tart while the meat or flesh of the plum runs sweet. Some say the taste of the American plum is sort of like a cross between a cherry and a plum.

plumtasting

Plums are delicious cooked in jams, jellies, butters, sauces; baked in pies and coffee cakes; dried as prunes; or – best of all – eaten juicy fresh right off the tree (just remember to spit out the pit).

plumoffthetree

Once picked, wild plums will keep nicely in wicker baskets or flat boxes in a cool dry place for a few days. If you happen to have harvested plums that aren’t quite ripe, they will continue to mature off the branch.

plumsinbasket

When I was a kid, my grandparents and I collected wild plums. I learned at an early age that nature provides lots of good wild edible foods that are readily available during different times of the year. It’s more important than ever to take kids on fun, foraging adventures for wild fruit so they understand the origins of their food!

youthcollectingplums

Before you get started in harvesting wild plums, there are a few foraging rules that I firmly believe in following and so should you! They are:

First – Always ask permission before gathering plums on private property – even if it’s just across the fence along the edge of a public road. Think how you’d feel or what you’d do if the tables were turned. Additionally, you’ll need to ask the landowner if any potentially harmful chemicals have not been sprayed on or near the plums you are about to pick!

Second – While picking plums, exercise a bit of caution. The twigs of these scrubby plum trees are covered with dull pointed thorns that can sometimes prick you.

Third – Don’t take more than you can use. Remember that other people may want to harvest some plums as well, and that wild fruit is an important food source for wildlife. If you’re sure you’re going to use it – take what you’ll use, but don’t take fruit that you might let spoil or not even use.

Fourth – If you aren’t fairly confident at identifying the plant or tree that you are wanting to find, be sure to get and bring along  a quality field ID guide to trees.

Finally – If you have never tasted  wild plums, try a couple before you collect a bunch. There’s no point in picking something you don’t like and that may go to waste.

plumharvest

Below is some info on the American Plum that you will find interesting as well as a unique recipe for wild plum ketchup that I came across. Enjoy!

American Plum 

Scientific name: Prunus americana
Facts: American plum is native shrub tree to Nebraska and well adapted to a wide variety of soil and climatic conditions. Throughout the U.S. there are about 30 varieties of native wild plums.
Value: Forms dense thickets ideal for the outside rows of windbreaks and for wildlife habitat. Birds use the thickets for nesting, feeding, and resting areas. The twigs are a preferred source of browse for deer and rabbits during the winter. Coyotes, raccoons and other wild animals enjoy the ripe fruit.
What: Ripe fruit with the earliest ripening fruit generally the sweetest.
Traditional Uses: American plum was used extensively by Native Americans. They cultivated and harvested American plums near villages before the arrival of European settlers. Native American tribes ate the plums fresh, dried, and cooked in desserts. Ripe plums were also used in medicines. Branches were used to make the altar for the Sun Dance. Red dye was also made from the roots.
How: Raw, dried, preserves, jams, jellies, butters, sauces, syrups, wine, brandy, ketchup, etc.
Where: Found usually along edges of woodlands, savannas, fields or in windbreaks or old shelter belts.
When: Late summer or early fall.
Nutritional Information: High in carbohydrates, Vitamin A, and minerals.
Plum Trivia: Plums were on the menu at the first Thanksgiving dinner in 1621.

Plum Good Ketchup

Ingredients

2 cups cooked and strained plum puree

¼ cup apple cider vinegar

½ cup honey

1 teaspoon cinnamon

½ teaspoon ground cloves

a few scratches of nutmeg

½ teaspoon salt

pepper to taste

Directions

  1. Mix all the ingredients and bring this mixture to a very low simmer.
  2. Let the mixture cook until it thickens considerably.
  3. Taste while the batch is cooking and vary the amount of vinegar, sweetener and spices in this recipe to suit your tastes. Just keep tasting it until it hits the right notes for your palate.
  4. Let the mixture cook gently over low heat for 20 minutes, or until it reaches a thick, jam-like consistency.
  5. Keep refrigerated.

Recipe Source: Wendy Petty.

About Greg Wagner

A native of Gretna, NE, a graduate of Gretna High School and Bellevue University, Greg Wagner currently serves as the Public Information Officer and Manager for the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission's Service Center in Omaha. On a weekly basis, Wagner can be heard on a number of radio stations, seen on local television in Omaha, and on social media sites, creatively conveying natural resource conservation messages as well as promoting outdoor activities and destinations in Nebraska. Wagner, whose career at Game and Parks began in 1979, walks, talks, lives, breathes and blogs about Nebraska’s outdoors. He grew up in rural Gretna, building forts in the woods, hunting, fishing, collecting leaves, and generally thriving on constant outdoor activity. One of the primary goals of his blog is to get people, especially young ones, to have fun and spend time outside!

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